Have you ever been physically injured by your husband? graph of japanese opinion[part 1] [part 2] [part 3]

The Cabinet Office of Japan (Gender Equality Bureau) recently published a survey it carried out on violence between males and females. This opinion poll was conducted by post, with 2,888 respondents, 1,578 or 54.6% female, out of 4,500 people initially randomly selected for participation.

This is a very large survey, so I will publish it in three parts.

This is a survey I really don’t want to translate as the figures are rather depressing, but I shall endeavour to make as good a translation as possible as this data is an important record of one aspect of the state of Japanese society. This first part paints quite a bleak picture, especially if you consider that there might be an element of under-reporting. Looking at the raesons why people didn’t discuss their injuries, societal pressure looks quite large as a factor. Domestic violence is, I fear, not a subject that is discussed honestly and openly; in fact, the most recent time I heard about it was in relation to Kaoru Sugita last year, where she was almost boasting about getting drunk and beating up her husband.

Age

  All
N=2,888
Female
N=1,578
Male
N=1,310
20-29 11.1% 11.9% 10.3%
30-39 17.9% 18.7% 17.0%
40-49 18.3% 18.6% 18.0%
50-59 21.2% 22.0% 20.3%
60+ 31.4% 28.9% 34.4%

Marital status

  All
N=2,888
Female
N=1,578
Male
N=1,310
Never married 16.4% 15.4% 17.6%
Married 72.5% 70.3% 75.3%
Divorced 3.9% 5.3% 2.1%
Widowed 4.2% 5.7% 2.1%
No answer 3.0% 3.3% 2.6%

Q1: Have you ever experienced the following from your spouse?

Females, N=1,283

  Many times Once or twice Never No answer
Physical violence 5.8% 20.8% 71.6% 1.7%
Mental harassment or terror 5.3% 10.8% 81.8% 2.1%
Sexual coercion 5.2% 10.0% 82.5% 2.3%
Any of the above 10.6% 22.6% 64.8% 2.0%

Males, N=1,045

  Many times Once or twice Never No answer
Physical violence 1.3% 12.4% 85.2% 1.1%
Mental harassment or terror 1.6% 6.5% 89.9% 2.0%
Sexual coercion 0.1% 3.3% 94.3% 2.3%
Any of the above 2.6% 14.8% 80.9% 1.7%

Q2: Have you experienced any of the above in Q1 within the last five years?

  Female
N=1,283
Male
N=1,045
Yes (to SQ1) 14.1% 8.6%
No 20.7% 14.1%
No answer 65.2% 77.3%

Presumably the high “No answer” rate was mostly due to people who said they had never experienced violence in Q1 not answering Q2.

Q2SQ1: Who did you talk to about your assault? (Multiple answer)

  Female
N=179
Male
N=90
Friends 29.1% 12.2%
Family or relatives 30.2% 6.7%
Police 3.4% 1.1%
Health professional 2.8% 2.2%
Lawyer, counsellor, etc 1.7% 2.2%
Domestic violence support centre 0.6% 1.1%
Regional legal affairs bureau, human rights group 0.0% 2.2%
Family support centre, woman’s centre, etc 0.6% 0.0%
Other public body 0.0% 1.1%
School councellor, teacher, etc 0.0% 0.0%
Other 1.7% 1.1%
Nobody (to SQ2) 46.9% 84.4%
No answer 5.0% 0.0%

Q2SQ2: Why did you not talk to anyone? (Multiple answer)

  Female
N=179
Male
N=90
Didn’t think it was worth talking about 45.2% 69.7%
I thought I would look bad too 39.3% 44.7%
If I just endured it, it would be OK 29.8% 15.8%
I thought it would be ineffective to talk about it 20.2% 17.1%
I couldn’t say anything because of embarrassment 26.2% 7.9%
I thought it was my partner’s expression of love 13.1% 14.5%
It would be unseemly 13.1% 7.9%
I didn’t want to get anyone else involved 9.5% 3.9%
I didn’t know it was OK to speak to anyone 9.5% 2.6%
I didn’t want to recall the incident 7.1% 3.9%
If it was known that I’d talked about it, I thought they’d be reprisals or I’d experience even worse violence 4.8% 1.3%
I thought the words or actions of the person I talked to would be an unpleasant experience 4.8% 1.3%
If other people knew, I thought I wouldn’t be able to relate to people at work, school, etc 4.8% 1.3%
My partner threatened me if I talked to someone 0.0% 0.0%
Other 7.1% 3.0%
No answer 2.4% 1.3%

Q3: When did you first suffer injury from your partner?

  Female
N=426
Male
N=182
Dating 7.7% 5.5%
Engaged 2.1% 6.0%
Married or living together 56.6% 58.2%
Pregnancy 3.1% 1.1%
Soon after giving birth 2.1% 1.1%
During child-rearing 9.9% 7.7%
Around divorce 2.1% 2.7%
Other 6.1% 3.8%
No answer 10.3% 13.7%

Q4: What happened after you suffered injury from your partner?

  Female
N=426
Male
N=182
Broke up 4.7% 1.6%
Wanted to break up, but didn’t (to SQ) 43.2% 21.4%
Didn’t want to break up 38.5% 60.4%
No answer 13.6% 16.5%

Q4SQ: Why didn’t you break up?

  Female
N=184
Male
N=39
Was scared of partner’s response 4.3% 2.6%
Financial insecurity 27.7% 7.7%
Worried about appearances in society 9.2% 23.1%
Thought my partner needed me 6.5% 10.3%
Didn’t think it would happen again 15.8% 17.9%
People close to me were opposed to a separation 5.4% 2.6%
Partner would not agree to a separation 8.2% 10.3%
Other 20.7% 23.1%
No answer 2.2% 2.6%

[part 1] [part 2] [part 3]


1 Comment

An Introduction to Domestic Violence in Japan « The Grand Narrative · September 2, 2009 at 21:05

[…] For more detailed information, see Ken’s three part series on the 2006 survey on domestic violence by the Cabinet Office of Japan (Gender Equality Bureau) at What Japan Thinks here. […]

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